Fennec foxes are the smallest of fox in the world but in large ears measuring 4 to 6 inches appear to be on loan from bigger relatives. Their distinctive batlike ears radiated body heat and help keep the foxes cool. Apart from that, they also have long, thick sandy-colored hair that insulates them during cold nights and protects them from the hot sun. They have a lifespan of 10 years in the wild and 13 years in captivity
Fennec foxes are monogamous and mate for life. They have a gestation period of about 50 days and they produce litters consist of 2 to 5 kits. Females stay with the kits until they are weaned and males venture to hunt for food for the family. Kits reach maturity at 10 months old. Fennec foxes are highly social animals, living together in family group which may contain up to 10 individuals.
The fennec foxes are one of the only carnivores that seem to do well in the Sahara desert because of its ability to survive with very little water. They are mostly nocturnal animals. They spend most of the day underground burrow avoiding the desert heat. They emerge from their dens at dusk to search for food. Unfortunately, their adorable appearances make them favorites of the captive pet trade and local peoples also hunt the fennec fox for its fur.