Green iguanas averaging around 6.5 feet long and weighing about 11 pounds. They have a row of spines along their backs and along their tails which help them to protect from predators. Iguanas’ stout build gives them a clumsy but look but they are fast and agile on land. They have strong jaws with razor-sharp teeth and sharp tails which make up half their body length and can be used as whips to drive off predators.
Green iguanas have a well-developed dewlap which help to regulates their body temperature. Apart from that, this dewlap used in courtships and territorial displays. Green iguanas breeding using dry season and male display more dominant. Females lay clutch of 20 to 71 eggs once per year and they give no pariental protection after egg laying.
Green iguanas have a white photosensory organ on their head called the parietal eye. It is also called the third eye, pineal eye and pineal gland. This eye cannot form images but is sensitive to changes in light and dark and can detect movement. This help green iguanas to detect predators stalking it from above. Apart from that, iguanas have excellent vision enabling them to detect shapes and motions at long distances. They have cells called ‘ double cone cells’ that give these lizards sharp color vision and enable them to see ultraviolet wavelengths
Emus are members of the ratite family which also ostriches, cassowaries, and rheas. Emus have grayish to brownish body feathers provide almost complete protection from solar radiation. Each emus foot have three forward-facing toes that allow it to grip to the ground, thrusting the birds forward. They have lifespan average of 10 to 20 years in the wild.
Emus love affairs have known to be females to fight viciously over unpaired males. Mating pairs stay together up to five months after which lay large emerald-green eggs in expansive ground nest. The male incubate the eggs about seven weeks and roasting male lose up to a third of their body weight without drinking, feeding, defecating or leaving the nest.
Natural predators of the emus include dingoes and wedge-tailed eagles. Apart from that, threat from human farm emus for their meat and eggs. One emu egg can make omelet big enough to feed four to six adults. Plus, Emus also well known for their oil since people use emu oil for conditions such as high cholesterol, dry skin, wound healing and sore muscles.
Meerkats are small member of the mongoose family. They have long slender body and its tail not bushy like other mongoose species but it rather long, thin with tappers to a black tipped colored tail. While meerkats have been known to live up to 12 years while can live up to 15 years in captivity. Meerkats will eat insects, lizards, birds, and fruit.
Meerkats live in hierarchical family groups known as mobs or clans and together work together in numbers. A few typically serve as a lookouts, watching the skies for birds of prey such as hawks and eagles that can snatch them from the ground. A sharp,shrill is the signal to take over while a few individuals guard the group, the rest busy themselves foraging for the food that make up their varied diet. When hunting in small game, they work together and communicate with purring sounds.
It is a popular belief in the Zimbabwe and Zambian regions of Africa that meerkat is is a ‘sun angel’. It is said that they are sent by the gods to protect villages, straying cattle and lone tribesman from ‘moon devil’ or werewolf. The name ‘sun angel’ was likely applied to the meerkat due to their glowing appearance in the morning sunlight during their routinely sun-basks.