Pink-backed Pelican are among the smallest of pelican species in the world.

Pink-backed Pelicans have mostly grey plumage with a pinkish back and underparts. The pink color comes from a gland and is spread while preening. They are approximately 49 inches to 51 inches in length, with a bill of the length of 11 to 15 inches and a wingspan of 7 to 9.5 feet. Female pelicans are slightly smaller than males. Pink-backed Pelicans may live between 15 to 25 years in the wild and up to 54 years in captivity. 

While Pink-backed Pelicans hunt for food alone or in small groups, they roost and breed in flocks. Females lay 2 to 3 large white eggs and incubation lasts about 30 days. Young pelicans born naked but a down coat is growing soon. In order to feed the chicks, young pelicans plunge their heads deep into the parental throat pouch to take partially digesting regurgitated fish. Both parents will help to raise the young and young have several maturities at 3 to 4 years. 

Did you know that pelicans cannot sweat? So, when they get hot, they cool themselves by fluttering air over their moist skin on the inside of their throat pouches. Apart from that, their distinctive pouch is used as a fishing net and usually used for storing fish by squeezing the water out of the pouch and swallow the fish whole. Fascinating facts, the earliest known pelicans fossils date back 30 to 40 million years ago.

Timorensis Deer is also known as a Javan Deer in most parts of the world.

Male Timorensis Deer are larger than females. Both have a rough grayish-brown coat that is often coarse in appearance. Their ears are rounded and broad and the animals look short and stubby because of their short legs. Timorensis Deer live between 15 to 20 years in the wild and in captivity. They are herbivorous and mainly feed on grass, leaves, and fallen fruits.

Timorensis Deer are polygynous which means that males mate with more than one female during each breeding season. During the mating season, males decorated their antlers with grass and twigs to attract females and intimidate competitors. Male become very vocal and contest by calling in a loud, shrill bark and dueling with antlers. Females give birth to one or two fawns after a gestation period of 8 months and young fawn stay mothers until they reach sexual maturity at 3 to 5 years old. 

Unfortunately, Timorensis Deer are threatened by habitat destruction, illegal hunting, and by the expansion of agriculture. These deer are poached with guns, snares, and dogs and usually hunted in their native range for meat, medicinal products, handicraft products, and pets. Apart from that, Timorensis Deer plays an ecosystem role in dispersing seeds in the forest. 

Did you know Male and Female Mandarin Ducks look different from each other?

Male Mandarin Duck is a beautifully colored with a greenish-black forehead and a purple crest near the back of the head. The sides of the head are creamy white with a chestnut patch below eyes. The sides of the neck and cheeks have longer brown feathers and upper breast is maroon. However, females are grayer and have a smaller crest and eye ring compared to the male. They have lifespan around 6 to 7 years.

Female Mandarin Duck take the initiative in choosing a mate by orienting enticing behavior toward a preferred male. The courtship display of this species is very impressive including mock-drinking and shaking. Female will lay 9 to 12 white oval eggs and have incubation period of 28 to 30  days. Mature ducks become mature at one year of age. Mandarin Ducks are monogamous and pair bonds may continue for many seasons.

Mandarin Ducks can help your Feng Shui. Many modern Feng Shui practitioners claim that because of their association with love and monogamy, having a pair of Mandarin Duck figurines can attract and enhance love. Apart from that, Mandarin Duck its not very tasty. This is because they are dirty feeders, often eating snails, small mice, fish spawn and consequently are will known to have an unpleasant taste.

Copyright Langkawi Wildlife Park. All Right Reserve 2020